Barbie dolls are made of polyvinyl chloride, synthetic fiber, elastomer, PBT and water-based paint. The materials used to make a Barbie has changed since the first Barbie was created in 1959. As of 2014, the soft vinyl, elastomer, and PBT provide more flexibility and realistic movement to the modern day Barbie. In the past, Mattel used porcelain to create the expensive, collector’s edition Barbie dolls.
Almost all Barbie dolls are made of vinyl with a soft feel to it. However, a few have been made of porcelain, and the collector dolls are made of a with a porcelain feel. Hair on Barbie dolls is generally rooted synthetic fiber.
Barbie dolls are made from vinyl, according to the Made How website. According to the Azo website, vinyl is the world's most versatile plastic and is composed of chlorine and ethylene. According to the Dollyhair website, Barbie's hair is made from saran, a soft vinyl.