A short presentation on Diabetic keto-acidosis.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis is a very dangerous diabetic complication that can be fatal.

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  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis: - High glucose numbers 250 mg/dL and up range (the sky is the limit) - High Ketones 50 mmol/L and higher

    When the TOTAL ENERGY in our bloodstream increases outside of the normal range it appears the body raises insulin to store the excess energy. That is, unless you have untreated Type 1 Diabetes, in which case you end up in diabetic ketoacidosis with high blood glucose and high ketones.

  • Monitoring your diet carefully can reduce the risk of Diabetic Ketoacidosis. Home keto-testing kits are a good idea to ensure you’re not at risk of developing DKA, and the American Diabetes Association recommends testing for ketones if your blood sugar level is greater than 240 mg/dl. Urine strips can be purchased at the pharmacy to test your levels.

    Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in people with . It happens predominantly in those with , but it can occur in those with under certain circumstances. DKA results from a shortage of ; in response the body switches to burning and producing acidic that cause most of the symptoms and complications.

    Diabetic ketoacidosis
    Dehydration may be severe in diabetic ketoacidosis, and intravenous fluids are usually needed as part of its treatment
    Classification and external resources
    Specialty Endocrinology
    ICD-10 E10.1, E11.1, E12.1, E13.1, E14.1
    ICD-9-CM 250.1
    DiseasesDB 3709
    MedlinePlus 000320
    eMedicine med/548
    Patient UK Diabetic ketoacidosis
    MeSH D016883
    [edit on Wikidata]

  • The symptoms of an episode of diabetic ketoacidosis usually evolve over the period of about 24 hours. Predominant symptoms are and vomiting, pronounced thirst, and that may be severe. Those who measure their glucose levels themselves may notice (high blood sugar levels). In severe DKA, breathing becomes labored and of a deep, gasping character (a state referred to as ""). The abdomen may be tender to the point that an may be suspected, such as , or . (vomiting of altered blood) occurs in a minority of people; this tends to originate from erosion of the . In severe DKA, there may be confusion, lethargy, stupor or even coma (a marked decrease in the ).

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Symptoms, Causes, and Complications

Diabetic ketoacidosis may occur in those previously known to have diabetes mellitus type 2 or in those who on further investigations turn out to have features of type 2 diabetes (e.g. , strong ); this is more common in African, African-American and Hispanic people. Their condition is then labeled "ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes".