You can split the functionality of File and Storage Services across multiple servers by installing the role and appropriate role services on each appropriate server. You can then add all the servers to Server Manager for centralized management, or use Windows PowerShell scripts to simultaneously manage multiple servers.
There are no special hardware or software requirements for running File and Storage Services. However, File Server Resource Manager and DFS Replication support only volumes that are formatted with the NTFS file system—the Resilient File System (ReFS) and the FAT file system are not supported.
There are numerous related Windows PowerShell cmdlets that are also useful for file and storage workloads. For example, you can use the Best Practices Analyzer (BPA) cmdlets to compare servers to a known set of best practices for the File and Storage Services role.
Instead of using a variety of snap-ins or disparate command-line utilities, administrators can manage their servers by using Windows PowerShell cmdlets and scripts. Windows Server 2012 R2 and Windows Server 2012 include Windows PowerShell cmdlets to manage the following file and storage technologies.
Storage Manager for SANs snap-in
File and Storage Services role in Server Manager and Storage Management Windows PowerShell cmdlets
SCSIport host-bus adapter drivers
Storport drivers or a different host-bus adapter