1972Walmart was listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

1970Walmart became a publicly traded company. The first stock was sold at $16.50 per share.

The Wal-Mart Effect: How the World's Most Powerful Company Really Works--and HowIt's Transforming the American Economy

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  • In 1990, Walmart opened its first location in Bentonville. Bud's operated as a closeout store, much like . Many locations were opened to fulfill leases in shopping centers as Walmart stores left and moved into newly built Supercenters. All of the Bud's Discount City stores closed or converted into Walmart Discount Stores by 1997.

    Walmart Discount Stores, also branded as simply "Walmart", are with sizes varying from 30,000 to 206,000 square feet (2,800 to 19,100 square metres), with the average store covering about 104,000 square feet (9,700 square metres). They carry and limited . Some newer and remodeled discount stores have an expanded grocery department, similar to Target's PFresh department. Many of these stores also feature a garden center, , & Express, optical center, , studio, a bank branch, a cell phone store and a fast food outlet, usually or or . Some also have gasoline stations.

  • The "Supercenter" portion of the name has since been phased out, with these stores now simply referred to as "Walmart", since the company introduced the new Walmart logo in 2008. The name is still used in Canada, where the company opened its 100th Canadian store in 2010, some of them former locations.

    As of June 30, 2016, there were 3,493 Walmart Supercenters in 49 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. Hawaii is the only state without a Supercenter. The largest Supercenter in the United States, covering 260,000 square feet (24,000 square metres) on two floors, is located in in . In 2006, the busiest in the world was the one in .

  • As of June 30, 2016, there were 432 Walmart discount stores in 41 states and Puerto Rico. Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, District of Columbia, West Virginia, and Wyoming are the only states and territories where a discount store does not operate.

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Sam Walton believed that the company's contribution to society was the fact that it operated efficiently, thereby lowering the for customers, and therefore in that sense was a "powerful force for good", despite his refusal to contribute cash to philanthropic causes. Having begun to feel that his wealth attracted people who wanted nothing more than a "handout", he explained that while he believed his family had been fortunate and wished to use his wealth to aid worthy causes like education, they could not be expected to "solve every personal problem that comes to [their] attention". He explained later in his autobiography, "We feel very strongly that Wal-Mart really is , and be, in the charity business," stating "any debit has to be passed along to somebody‍—‌either shareholders or our customers." Since Sam Walton's death in 1992, however, Walmart and the Walmart Foundation dramatically increased charitable giving. For example, in 2005, Walmart donated in cash and merchandise for relief. Today, Walmart's charitable donations approach each year.